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  伯劳科Laniidae有3属31种。中、小型鸣禽。喙粗壮而侧扁,先端具利钩和齿突,嘴须发达;翅短圆;尾长,圆形或楔形;跗跖强健,趾具钩爪。头大,自嘴基过眼至耳羽区有一宽的过眼纹。为“雀中猛禽”,停栖静伺而伏击猎物,以昆虫、蛙、蜥蜴等小动物为食,大型伯劳可捕食鼠类及小鸟。常将猎物挂在树枝上,有“屠夫鸟”之称。在树上筑碗状巢,产卵4~9枚,由雌鸟孵化约15天,雏期约15~18天,双亲哺育。分布于除澳洲和中、南美洲以外的所有大陆,有迁徙行为。常见如红尾伯劳Lanius cristatus、棕背伯劳Lanius schach等。
 

牛头伯劳 Lanius bucephalus
 

东非长尾伯劳 Lanius cabanisi
 

红尾伯劳 Lanius cristatus
 

红背伯劳 Lanius collurio
 

灰背伯劳 Lanius excubitoroides
 

领伯劳 Lanius collaris
 

栗背伯劳 Lanius collurioides
 

灰伯劳 Lanius excubitor
 

黑伯劳 Lanius fuscatus
 

呆头伯劳 Lanius ludovicianus
 

麦氏伯劳 Lanius mackinnoni
 

南灰伯劳 Lanius meridionalis
 

荒漠伯劳 Lanius isabellinus
 

黑额伯劳 Lanius minor
 

云斑伯劳 Lanius nubicus
 

棕背伯劳 Lanius schach
 

林[即鸟]伯劳 Lanius senator
 

楔尾伯劳 Lanius sphenocercus
 

灰背伯劳 Lanius tephronotus
 

虎纹伯劳 Lanius tigrinus
 

黄嘴鹊鵙 Corvinella corvina
 

白肩鹊鵙 Corvinella melanoleucus
 

白腰林鵙 Eurocephalus rueppelli
 

白顶林鵙 Eurocephalus anguitimens
 

灰伯劳 Lanius excubitor 卵
 

红背伯劳 Lanius collurio 卵
 
 
 
 

伯劳科

Laniidae

 

 

 

 

 

伯劳属 Lanius (shrikes)
牛头伯劳 Lanius bucephalus (bull-headed shrike)
东非长尾伯劳 Lanius cabanisi (long-tailed fiscal)
领伯劳 Lanius collaris (common fiscal)
红背伯劳 Lanius collurio (red-backed shrike)
栗背伯劳 Lanius collurioides (Burmese shrike)
红尾伯劳 Lanius cristatus (brown shrike)
肯尼亚伯劳 Lanius dorsalis (Taita fiscal)
灰伯劳 Lanius excubitor (great grey shrike)
灰背伯劳 Lanius excubitoroides (grey-backed fiscal)
艾氏伯劳 Lanius gubernator (Emin's shrike)
荒漠伯劳 Lanius isabellinus (Isabelline shrike)
呆头伯劳 Lanius ludovicianus (loggerhead shrike)
麦氏伯劳 Lanius mackinnoni (MacKinnon's shrike)
南灰伯劳 Lanius meridionalis (southern grey shrike)
黑额伯劳 Lanius minor (lesser grey shrike)
黑伯劳 Lanius fuscatus (black fiscal)
圣多美伯劳 Lanius newtoni (Newton's fiscal)
云斑伯劳 Lanius nubicus (masked shrike)
棕背伯劳 Lanius schach (long-tailed shrike)
林[即鸟]伯劳 Lanius senator (woodchat shrike)
索马里伯劳 Lanius somalicus (Somali fiscal)
南非伯劳 Lanius souzae (Sousa's shrike)
楔尾伯劳 Lanius sphenocercus (Chinese grey shrike)
灰背伯劳 Lanius tephronotus (grey-backed shrike)
虎纹伯劳 Lanius tigrinus (tiger shrike)
灰顶伯劳 Lanius validirostris (mountain shrike)
褐背伯劳 Lanius vittatus (bay-backed shrike)
鹊鵙属 Corvinella
黄嘴鹊鵙 Corvinella corvina (yellow-billed shrike)
白肩鹊鵙 Corvinella (Urolestes ) melanoleucus
林鵙属 Eurocephalus
白顶林鵙 Eurocephalus anguitimens (white-crowned shrike)
白腰林鵙 Eurocephalus rueppelli (white-rumped shrike)